Mining machines are very important equipment in mines, and their working status directly affects the production efficiency and safety of mines. Therefore, it is very necessary to carry out regular maintenance and maintenance on mining machines. This article will introduce how to maintain mining machines to ensure that they are always in good working condition.
1、Preparation before maintenance
Before mining machine maintenance, you need to prepare the necessary tools and knowledge. Usually, maintenance personnel need to understand the structure, function and working principle of the machine in order to be able to accurately judge the state of the machine. In addition, maintenance personnel also need some common tools, such as wrenches, screwdrivers, lubricating oil, etc.
Routine maintenance is the key to keeping mining machines in good condition. The following are some steps and precautions for daily maintenance:
- Clean the machine：Clean up the dust and debris on the surface of the machine every day to prevent them from affecting the work of the machine.
- Check the oil level: Check the lubricating oil level of the machine to ensure that it is within the specified range. If the oil level is too low, it is necessary to replenish lubricating oil in time.
- Check fasteners: Check whether the fasteners on the machine are firm, such as screws, nuts, etc. If it is found to be loose, it needs to be tightened in time.
- Check the wearing parts: Check the wearing parts on the machine, such as bearings, chains, etc. If serious wear is found, it needs to be replaced in time.
- Check safety devices: Check whether the safety devices on the machine are normal, such as brakes, stoppers, etc. If an abnormality is found, it needs to be repaired in time.
3、Inspection and repair
Regular inspection and repair of mining machines is very necessary. The following are some inspection and repair steps and precautions:
- Check the machine: conduct a comprehensive inspection of the machine regularly, including the appearance, internal structure and working status of the machine.
- Removal and inspection of parts: Disassemble and inspect the parts on the machine, such as bearings, chains, etc. If serious wear is found, it needs to be replaced in time.
- Repair and replacement of parts: Repair and replace parts of the machine, such as replacing seals, repairing bearings, etc. When repairing and replacing parts, follow the manufacturer’s instructions and safe practice.
- Testing and debugging: After finishing the repair and replacing parts, test and debug the machine to make sure it can work properly.
To prevent breakdown and damage to mining machines, here are some preventive measures:
- Regular maintenance: According to the requirements of the manufacturer, regularly maintain the machine, such as changing lubricating oil, cleaning the air filter, etc.
- Maintenance record: record the repair and maintenance of the machine so that problems can be found and dealt with in time.
- Equipment upgrade: timely upgrade machinery and equipment to make it more reliable, efficient and safe.
- Safe operating procedures: Formulate and abide by safe operating procedures to reduce machine failure and damage caused by improper operation.
The cost of maintaining mining machines mainly includes labor costs, spare parts costs and maintenance costs. Here are some measures to reduce maintenance costs:
- Arrange maintenance plan reasonably: Arrange maintenance plan reasonably to avoid excessive maintenance and unnecessary repair.
- Purchasing high-quality spare parts: Purchasing spare parts with reliable quality to ensure their long service life and reduce the frequency of replacement.
- Improve the skills of maintenance personnel: Improve the skills and knowledge level of maintenance personnel so that they can better maintain and maintain the machine.
- Adopt modern maintenance technology: adopt modern maintenance technology, such as condition monitoring, remote diagnosis, etc., to reduce maintenance costs.
In short, it is very necessary to carry out regular maintenance and maintenance on mining machines. By taking correct maintenance measures and preventive measures, you can ensure that the machine is always in good working condition, improving production efficiency and safety. At the same time, reasonable maintenance cost management is also very important.